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Artificial pancreas gives hope for type 1 diabetes patients

Baba Health Tips

According to a new study which was presented during the 51st annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Stockholm, complications caused by diabetes are not the same for men and women.

Lead investigator Dr. Hood Thabit from the U.K.’s University of Cambridge said patients whose insulin and blood sugar delivery is managed and controlled by software is different than those who had to self-monitor their insulin delivery.  The closed-loop system is unlike the conventional pump therapy. It uses a control algorithm where it continually increases and decreases the subcutaneous release of insulin on the basis of instantaneous sensor glucose levels.

Dr. Hood Thabit continued that the aim was to show that closed-loop application is efficient in the day and night period in the long run and without any supervision. The study has showed that the system has been used for over 3 months and is feasible for adults for day/night use. It is also feasible for children for overnight use for a 3-month period.

The glucose levels in adults remained within the range 68 percent of the time when the closed-loop system has been used compared to 57 percent of the time when patients monitored and dosed themselves. Patients with type 2 diabetes were followed by researchers until the study ended and many patients were hospitalized for dementia or they died.

This system is a little different from the one that was tested on kids last year at a summer camp in the USA. However, the results were the same and participants were allowed to travel and drive while using the system.

One patient had low blood sugar level or hypoglycemia because the battery level was low.

Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to transform sugar, or glucose into energy which leads to high concentration of sugar in the blood.

Moreover, volunteers of the study were fitted with an insulin pump and a glucose sensor. Despite the “day-to-day variability of insulin requirements” the patients experienced more consistent glucose control with the algorithm-driven technology, authors said.

Concerns about what will happen in the real world with this technology were there. People have to exercise, golfing all day, eating heavy meals and drinking alcohol, Kowalski said. The study findings were presented at EASD 2015 by Seghieri who said that this information should be taken seriously to the need for timely and gender-oriented efforts for the prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events in adults over 40 years with diabetes.

5 percent of the 29 million Americans with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes.

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